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    Aztec Warrior

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    Aztec Warrior

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    Aztec Warrior Eagle warriors Video

    Army Ranks and Promotion (Aztec History)

    11/6/ · Units made famous by the real-time strategy game Age of Empires 2, the eagle warriors (cuāuhtli) and jaguar warriors (ocēlōtl) possibly comprised the largest elite warrior band in the Aztec military, and as such when fielded together, were known as the babelcollege.comning to the former, eagles were revered in Aztec cultures as the symbol of the sun – thus making the eagle warriors. Mar 4, - Explore Daniel Lopez's board "Aztec warrior ", followed by people on Pinterest. See more ideas about aztec warrior, aztec art, aztec pins. The Aztec warrior was highly honored in society if he was successful. Success depended on bravery in battle, tactical skill, heroic deeds and most of all, in capturing enemy warriors. Since every boy and man received military training, all were called for battle when war was in the offing. The eagles were Mascara Dorada of the Sun, for the eagle was the symbol of the Sun. London: MIT Press. The shields were made of wicker wood and leather, so very few survived. Mourning for fallen warriors was a long and sacred process.

    Many nobles joined the army professionally and functioned as the command core of the army. While the Aztec economy depended on trade, tribute and agriculture, the real business of the empire was war.

    Through war, the Aztec Empire gained tribute from conquered enemies. Expanding the empire through further conquests strengthened the empire and brought more riches in tribute.

    For this reason, the emperor rewarded successful warriors of both classes with honors, the right to wear certain garments in distinctive colors, nobility for the commoners and higher status for nobles and land.

    Every Aztec warrior could, if he captured enemy warriors, advance far in society. Rank in the military required bravery and skill on the battlefield and capture of enemy soldiers.

    With each rank, came special clothing and weapons from the emperor, which conveyed high honor. Aztec Warrior Names Aztec were a great warring civilisation.

    Jaguar warriors Aztecs believed that the god of the night sky, Tezcatlipoca, was represented by the symbol of a jaguar.

    Eagle warriors Eagle warriors were another elite unit of Aztec military, at par in esteem with the jaguar warriors.

    The Shorn Ones Shorn Ones were another unit of Aztec warriors who had their heads shaved and carried a long braid at the back of their head.

    Tlamanih Tlamanih was another type of Aztec warrior. Cuextecatl Cuextacatl was a title for such Aztec warriors who successfully captured at least two captives.

    Papalotl Papalotl was a title accorded to such Aztec warriors who captured three captives during battle. Otomies Otomies were another type of Aztec warriors who were notable for their fierce fighting abilities.

    Aztec Warriors Summary The Aztec Empire heavily relied on warfare to bring more domains under its control and to expand its power.

    Of all of the Aztec warriors, they were the most feared. Both the jaguar and eagle Aztec warriors wore distinguishing helmets and uniforms.

    The jaguars were identifiable by the jaguar skins they wore over their entire body, with only their faces showing from within the jaguar head.

    The eagle Aztec warriors, on the other hand, wore feathered helmets including an open beak. In the historical sources, it is often difficult to discern whether the word otomitl "Otomi" refers to members of the Aztec warrior society or members of the ethnic group who also often joined the Aztec armies as mercenaries or allies.

    A celebrated member of this warrior sect was Tzilacatzin. Their bald heads and faces were painted one-half blue and another half red or yellow. They served as imperial shock troops and took on special tasks as well as battlefield assistance roles when needed.

    Over six captives and dozens of other heroic deeds were required for this rank. They apparently turned down captaincies in order to remain constant battlefield combatants.

    Recognizable by their yellow tlahuitzli, they had sworn not to take a step backward during a battle on pain of death at the hands of their comrades.

    Because the Aztec empire was maintained through warfare or the threat of war with other cities, the gathering of information about those cities was crucial in the process of preparing for a single battle or an extended campaign.

    Also of great importance was the communication of messages between the military leaders and the warriors on the field so that political initiatives and collaborative ties could be established and maintained.

    As such, intelligence and communication were vital components in Aztec warfare. The four establishments principally used for these tasks were merchants, formal ambassadors, messengers, and spies.

    Merchants, called pochteca singular: pochtecatl , were perhaps the most valued source of intelligence to the Aztec empire.

    As they traveled throughout the empire and beyond to trade with groups outside the Aztec's control, the king would often request that the pochteca return from their route with both general and specific information.

    General information, such as the perceived political climate of the areas traded in, could allow the king to gauge what actions might be necessary to prevent invasions and keep hostility from culminating in large-scale rebellion.

    As the Aztec's empire expanded, the merchant's role gained increasing importance. Because it became harder to obtain information about distant sites in a timely way, especially for those outside the empire, the feedback and warning received from merchants were invaluable.

    Often, they were the key to the Aztec army's successful response to external hostility. If a merchant was killed while trading, this was a cause for war.

    The Aztecs' rapid and violent retaliation following this event is testament to the immense importance that the merchants had to the Aztec empire.

    Merchants were very well respected in Aztec society. When merchants traveled south, they transported their merchandise either by canoe or by slaves, who would carry a majority of the goods on their backs.

    If the caravan was likely to pass through dangerous territory, Aztec warriors accompanied the travelers to provide much-needed protection from wild animals and rival cultures.

    In return, merchants often provided a military service to the empire by spying on the empire's many enemies while trading in the enemy's cities.

    Once the Aztecs had decided to conquer a particular city Altepetl , they sent an ambassador from Tenochtitlan to offer the city protection. They would showcase the advantages cities would gain by trading with the empire.

    The Aztecs, in return, asked for gold or precious stones for the Emperor. They were given 20 days to decide their request. If they refused, more ambassadors were sent to the cities.

    However, these ambassadors were used as up front threats. Instead of trade, these men would point out the destruction the empire could and would cause if the city were to decline their offer.

    They were given another 20 days. There were no more warnings. The cities were destroyed and their people were taken as prisoners. The Aztecs used a system in which men stationed approximately 4.

    For example, the runners might be sent by the king to inform allies to mobilize if a province began to rebel. Messengers also alerted certain tributary cities of the incoming army and their food needs, carried messages between two opposing armies, and delivered news back to Tenochtitlan about the outcome of the war.

    While messengers were also used in other regions of Mesoamerica, it was the Aztecs who apparently developed this system to a point of having impressive communicative scope.

    Prior to mobilization, formal spies called quimichtin lit. Mice were sent into the territory of the enemy to gather information that would be advantageous to the Aztecs.

    Specifically, they were requested to take careful note of the terrain that would be crossed, fortification used, details about the army, and their preparations.

    These spies also sought out those who were dissidents in the area and paid them for information. The quimichtin traveled only by night and even spoke the language and wore the style of clothing specific to the region of the enemy.

    Due to the extremely dangerous nature of this job they risked a torturous death and the enslavement of their family if discovered , these spies were amply compensated for their work.

    The Aztecs also used a group of trade spies, known as the naualoztomeca. The naualoztomeca were forced to disguise themselves as they traveled.

    They sought after rare goods and treasures. The naualoztomeca were also used for gathering information at the markets and reporting the information to the higher levels of pochteca.

    Ahtlatl : perhaps lit. This weapon was considered by the Aztecs to be suited only for royalty and the most elite warriors in the army, and was usually depicted as being the weapon of the Gods.

    Murals at Teotihuacan show warriors using this effective weapon and it is characteristic of the Mesoamerican cultures of central Mexico.

    Warriors at the front lines of the army would carry the ahtlatl and about three to five tlacochtli, and would launch them after the waves of arrows and sling projectiles as they advanced into battle before engaging into melee combat.

    The ahtlatl could also throw spears as its name implies "spear thrower". Tlacochtli : The "darts" launched from an Atlatl, not so much darts but more like big arrows about 5.

    Tipped with obsidian, fish bones, or copper heads. Archers in the Aztec army were designated as Tequihua. Typically fletched with turkey or duck feathers.

    The Aztecs used oval shaped rocks or hand molded clay balls filled with obsidian flakes or pebbles as projectiles for this weapon.

    Bernal Diaz del Castillo noted that the hail of stones flung by Aztec slingers was so furious that even well armored Spanish soldiers were wounded.

    Tlacalhuazcuahuitl : A blowgun consisting of a hollow reed using poisoned darts for ammunition. The darts used for this weapon were made out of sharpened wood fletched with cotton and usually doused in the neurotoxic secretions from the skin of tree frogs found in jungle areas of central Mexico.

    This was used primarily for hunting rather than warfare. Simply put, a commoner could also rise up to the rank of an Aztec warrior, on the condition that he proved his ferocity and valor in battle by not only killing but also capturing a certain number of enemies.

    One of the first tasks the small boy had to perform related to the intensive physical labor of carrying heavy goods and crucial food supplies from the central marketplace.

    And for that, he was only provided with a frugal meal of half a maize cake at the age of three, a full maize cake at the age of five, and one-and-a-half maize cake at the age of twelve.

    These paltry portions encouraged the would-be Aztec warrior to subsist on meager food items. By the age of seven, the Aztec boy had to learn to maneuver his family boat and fish on Lake Texcoco.

    Now we did mention that the Aztec military during the first half of the 15th-century theoretically adhered to a merit-based system.

    However, as referenced in the Aztec Warrior AD by John Pohl , on the practical side of affairs, the warfare and military campaigns were conducted by the noble houses, who formed their own religiopolitical institutions.

    Many of these schools were run by veteran warriors who were barely older than the pupils themselves, thus alluding to the demand and progression of military duties in the Aztec society.

    In any case, one of the first tasks assigned to the teenager trainees focused on teamwork, and as such entailed investing their time in repairing and cleaning public works like canals and aqueducts.

    This notion of societal interdependence was imparted from a very early age in most Aztec boys — which in many ways rather reinforced their sense of fraternity during actual military campaigns.

    Contrary to popular ideas, discipline was one of the mainstays of the Aztec military — so much so that drunkenness during training could even result in the death penalty on rare occasions.

    The youths were however introduced to real combat scenarios only during the major religious festivals that were mostly held in the central district of the city.

    One of these series of ceremonies held between February and April was dedicated to the Aztec storm god Tlaloc and the war god Xipe , and the festivities inexorably brought forth their versions of vicious ritual combats.

    Some of these scenarios sort of bridged the gap between bloody gladiatorial contests and melee fighting exhibitions, with high-ranking prisoners-of-war being forced to defend themselves from heavily armed Aztec opponents — which often resulted in fatalities.

    At the same time, the veteran masters from both the Calmecac and Telpochcalli schools were asked to train their pupils in the art of handling various weapons, starting from slings, bows to spears and clubs.

    These students were then encouraged to take part in mock battles against each other as teams, with reward systems of food and gifts.

    These staged combat scenarios were perceived as rites of initiation for the young warriors, and as such the victors were often inducted into advanced training programs that focused on the handling of heavier melee weapons reserved for the elite fighters of the Aztec military.

    The scope of ritual combat in the Aztec military was not just limited to the ceremonial confines of city-temple precincts, but rather extended to actual battlefields.

    Interestingly enough, many of these Flower Wars participated by the young Calmecac and Telpochcalli warriors were conducted against the Tlaxcalans, who themselves constituted a powerful people with a Nahua cultural affinity shared with the Aztecs.

    On occasions, the Aztecs reached a status-quo agreement with the mighty Tlaxcalans which outlined that the Xochiyaoyotl would be conducted in a bid to capture sacrificial prisoners, as opposed to conquering lands and taking away resources.

    On the other hand, the status and rank of an Aztec warrior often depended on the number of capable enemies he had captured in battle.

    In essence, the Flowers Wars, while maintaining their seemingly vicious religious veneer, pushed the Aztec military into a nigh perpetual state of warfare.

    Such ruthless actions, in turn, produced the most fierce, battle-ready warriors who were required by the realm to conquer and intimidate the other Mesoamerican city-states in the region.

    As we fleetingly mentioned before, the Aztec warriors used a range of weapons in combat scenarios, from slings, bows to spears and clubs.

    But the signature Mesoamerican weapon preferred by some Aztec warriors pertained to the atlatl or spear-thrower.

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    Aztec Warrior Papalotl was a title accorded to such Aztec warriors who captured three captives during battle. This article is part of our larger resource on Aztec civilization. These warriors were greatly feared and went first into battle. This weapon was considered by Free Spins Welcome Bonus Aztecs to be suited only for royalty and the most elite warriors in the army, and was usually depicted as being the weapon of the Gods. The players were skillful, and the ball could stay in the air for an hour or more. SchГ¶nen.Sonntag, these ambassadors were used as up front threats. Director: Scott Sanders. They became full-time warriors Dembele Transfer commanders in the army. During combat, they sing and dance and sometimes give the wildest shouts and whistles imaginable, especially when they know they have the advantage. Cuextacatl was a title for such Aztec warriors who successfully captured at least two captives. Starting out as a Dembele Transfer in Aztec society really depended on your status, commoners and noble Aztecs would take different paths. The four establishments principally used for these tasks were merchants, formal ambassadors, messengers, and spies. Based on this, the most accomplished Aztec warriors wore costumes similar to the jaguar skin. The jaguars were identifiable by the jaguar skins they wore over their TrophГ¤e Leitfaden body, with only their faces showing from within the jaguar head. The First type of Aztec warrior was the Eagle Warrior. The Eagle Warriors were the scouts of the Aztec Warriors as well as being good fighters. They were the eyes, ears, the messengers who would find the information necessary to lead and strategize an attack. These warriors often wore helmets adorned with eagle feathers and heads. Aztec Warriors In Aztec society, men and boys underwent rigorous military training to become warriors. Warriors were often held in high esteem in Aztec society and were frequently relied upon to conquer lands for the Aztec empire. An Eagle warrior (left) depicted holding a macuahuitl in the Florentine Codex. Eagle warriors or eagle knights (Classical Nahuatl: cuāuhtli [ˈkʷaːwtɬi] (singular) or cuāuhmeh [ˈkʷaːwmeʔ] ()) were a special class of infantry soldier in the Aztec army, one of the two leading military special forces orders in Aztec society, the other being the Jaguar warriors. The fearsome Aztec warriors of what is now central Mexico were highly feared at their time of prominence, their dedicated warrior training and love of warfare made them dangerous foes for any man, tribe or army. For an Aztec man, the most prestigious career he could have in his often short life was that a mighty warrior. Aztecas Art Aztec Empire World Mythology Aztec Culture Aztec Warrior Warrior Spirit My Fantasy World Mesoamerican Inca Tlazolteotl "The Filth-Eater" is the Aztec Goddess of purification, steam bath, midwives, filth, and a patroness of adulterers. In Nahuatl, the word tlazolli can refer to vice and diseases.

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    Aztec Warrior

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